WESLEY, JOHN

   the founder of Methodism, born at Epworth, in Lincolnshire, son of the rector; was educated at the Charterhouse and at Lincoln College, Oxford, of which he became a Fellow; while there he and his brother, with others, were distinguished for their religious earnestness, and were nicknamed Methodists; in 1735 he went on a mission to Georgia, U.S., and had for fellow-voyagers some members of the Moravian body, whose simple piety made a deep impression on him; and on his return in two years after he made acquaintance with a Moravian missionary in London, and was persuaded to a kindred faith; up to this time he had been a High Churchman, but from this time he ceased from all sacerdotalism and became a believer in and a preacher of the immediate connection of the soul with, and its direct dependence upon, God's grace in Christ alone; this gospel accordingly he went forth and preached in disregard of all mere ecclesiastical authority, he riding about from place to place on horseback, and finding wherever he went the people in thousands, in the open air generally, eagerly expectant of his approach, all open-eared to listen to his word; to the working-classes his visits were specially welcome, and it was among them they bore most fruit; "the keynote of his ministry he himself gave utterance to when he exclaimed, 'Church or no Church, the people must be saved.'" Saved or Lost? was with him the one question, and it is the one question of all genuine Methodism to this hour (1703-1791).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Wesley, John — (1703–1791) Anglican clergyman, evangelist, and cofounder of Methodism. The 15th child of a former Nonconformist minister, he graduated from Oxford University and became a priest in the Church of England in 1728. From 1729 he participated in a… …   Universalium

  • Wesley, John — (1703–91)    Denomination Founder.    Wesley was the fifteenth child of the Rector of Epworth, in Humberside, England. He was educated at the University of Oxford and he was ordained to the Church of England ministry. He took over the leadership… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Wesley, John — ► (1705 91) Reformador británico, fundador del metodismo. Fomentó el desarrollo del metodismo como secta disidente con ordenación obligatoria y otras medidas. Los escritos de Wesley son, en su mayoría, refundiciones de obras antiguas y modernas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wesley, John — (17 June 1703, Epworth, Lincolnshire, England – 2 March 1791, London)    Anglican priest who, along with his brother Charles Wesley, founded Methodism. He profoundly influenced hymnody in England and America through a series of hymnals beginning… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Wesley,John — Wes·ley (wĕsʹlē, wĕzʹ ), John. 1703 1791. British religious leader who founded Methodism (1738). His brother Charles (1707 1788) wrote thousands of hymns, including “Hark, the Herald Angels Sing.” * * * …   Universalium

  • Wesley, John — (1703 1791)    Theological writer, diarist, and founder of Methodism, was the second surviving s. of the Rev. Samuel W., Rector of Epworth, Lincolnshire. The name was also written Westley and Wellesley, and the family appears to be the same as… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

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  • WESLEY, John — (1703 179l)    English founder of METHODISM who was influenced by German MORAVIAN PIETY and ZINZENDORF. He experienced a dramatic CONVERSION at a PRAYER MEETING in 1738 at Aldersgate Street, London which led him to abandon controversial FORMS of… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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